What does it Matter if There are Secrets and Secret Societies?

Compiled by Eric Samuelson

Is there anything wrong with being a member of a secret society? When asked, those who are members of a secret society deny their membership. When the motive is requested, it is said that the purpose of joining is fellowship and connections. The bigger the secret society, the more connections. In this case we do not have a large society. It is power that draws one to Bones.

Secret societies frequently "determine in the depths the changes that take place on the surface." Arthur Edward Waite, Quoted By A. RALPH Epperson, THE UNSEEN HAND 126 (1985).

It has been suggested: Anything that is good should not be kept secret; and anything kept secret is not to the benefit whether it be good or bad, as it tends to the breach of our Constitution and the establishment of arbitrary power. William Edward Smith, CHRISTIANITY AND SECRET SOCIETIES 25 (1936); John 3:19.

In America we have long held to the view that things should be done in the public view. The very idea of a secret government, unknown to us, is anathema. Yet there is a very long history of things being secret including the convention that established the U.S. Constitution.

There is also a little-known history that includes the idea of unwritten laws and oral traditions with allegiance being made to unknown superiors and masters. Those who meet in secret appear to have an aversion for paramount written constitutions that every citizen is capable of reading and knowing. The secret society is generally based on a fear of discovery, a hiearchy, secret membership, meetings and oaths, claims of brotherhood and unknown superiors.

The CFR, Bilderbergers, Federal Reserve Board, and Trilateral Commission all meet in secret. However, the membership of each of these groups is available except for the Bildebergers.

Perhaps one of the earliest stories we have learned is about the Greeks and the Trojan Horse. When the walls were too strong, the Greeks built a tall Horse and left it outside the city. The people, jubilant at seeing the Greeks depart, opened their gates and let the horse come in. They celebrated and slept. In the middle of the night the Greeks came out of the belly of the horse, opened the gates and took the city. The principle of vigilance and the surprise attack. Those who are weaker or wish to have lower casualties attack without warning. Cats sneak up on their prey since they could otherwise outrun them.

The Spartans built a military machine "capable not only of suppressing revolts but of nipping them in the bud." Ancient History 72 (1969).

Five magistrates or overseers were elected each year. Ward, p. 103. "The ephori were five secret despots or supreme judges of the system invented by Chilon, a wise man of Greece. They trained a number of young men as assassins and ordered them to be ready at any minute with daggers to waylay helots "and butcher them in sufficient numbers to keep down the labor force to a schedule tabulated at their political councils." The ephori had boundless authority." C. Osborne Ward, II THE ANCIENT LOWLY 95 (1910).

"One of the functions of the ephori was to see that the ambuscades were carried out." Ward, p. 104.

"The ambuscades were accomplished at moments of the profoundest peace and when the innocent victims were productive." Ward, p. 102.

"The ephori ordained that a number of young aristocratic men arm themselves with daggers and secretly sneak off into the mountains and jungles with a sort of knapsack with provisions. They were called together by governors. The toilers, who were without arms or any means of defense, were then set upon by the assassins." Ward, p. 104.

"Plutarch wrote: "The governors of the youth ordered the shrewdest of them from time to time to disperse themselves in the country, provided only with daggers and some necessary provisions. In the day time they hid themselves and rested in the most private places they could find; but at night they sallied out into the roads and killed all the Helots they could meet with. Nay, sometimes by day, they fell upon them in the fields and murdered the ablest and strongest of them." Ward, p. 105.

Periander advised Thrasybulus to cut off the tops of the tallest ears of corn. ARISTOTLE'S POLITICS AND POETICS 146 (Translated by Benjamin Jowett and Thomas Twining 1952); Book 5)

The ephors armed certain young Spartans as a special and secret police (the krypteia) empowered to spy upon the people and to kill Helots at their discretion. Durant at 80.

"The Helots were spied upon all the time. At intervals the most outstanding of the Helots were killed "as a way of cutting down leadership before it could organize a revolt." Milton Meltzer at 87.

Plutarch mentions that sometimes large numbers of slaves were lured by the plea of a festival or hunt and when at a convenient spot were fell upon and murdered by the hundreds to get rid of the dangerous element. C. Osborne Ward, I THE ANCIENT LOWLY 86 (1910).

Thucydides mentioned the invitation being made to the Helots to pick out those who were most distinguished for freedom "as it was thought that the first to claim their freedom would be the most high-spirited and the most apt to rebel. As many as two thousand were selected accordingly, who crowned themselves and went around the temples, rejoicing in their new freedom. The Spartans, however, soon afterwards did away with them, and no one ever knew how each of them perished." Durant 80.

Thucydides told of the time during the Peloponnesian war when there were no more soldiers to be had from among the Spartans, the Perioeci or recognized citizens. Recruiting was then done from the much more numerous laboring class. Thousands were marshaled and drilled into the army. They gallantly bore light arms and were victorious. Over 2,000 proved worthiest of liberty.

These were enfranchised and marched into a temple or field to take the oath of freedom. Instead they were massacred. The ephori made a secret declaration of war and armed the young men with daggers. All disappeared forever. Ward, pp. 105

The Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine also has a claim to extraordinary connections, like the Jesuits, to world events. Indeed, some of the major figures associated with the Order have included Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626), Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677), Frederick the Great (1712-1786), Gabriel Riqueti Mirabeau (1749-1791), Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832), Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882) and even Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945). Michael Howard, THE OCCULT CONSPIRACY 93 (1989).

To a state of abnegation, Which shall in all things make them willing tools; In short, reduce them to a set of fools. Jesuit Saying, Quoted by Charles William Heckethorn, Vol. I, THE SECRET SOCIETIES 285 (1965).

In 1534 the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) was founded by Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556) and five associates. James Trager, The People's Chronology 176 (1979).

During the 16th century, confession became a religious duty that was required to be diligently observed. Edmond Paris, THE SECRET HISTORY OF THE JESUITS 63 (1975).

Through the confessional the Jesuits secured lasting political influence. Edmond Paris, THE SECRET HISTORY OF THE JESUITS 34 (1975).

King Ferdinand was dominated by his Jesuit confessor. Edmond Paris, THE SECRET HISTORY OF THE JESUITS 36 (1975). The main two weapons used by Loyola's order were:

1) to be the confessors of the mighty and those in high places and 2) to be the educators of their children. Edmond Paris, THE SECRET HISTORY OF THE JESUITS 24 (1975).

From the beginning the order was prepared to treat the sinner gently. Forgiveness lapsed into slackness. Edmond Paris, THE SECRET HISTORY OF THE JESUITS 63 (1975).

The maxim was applied that "the end justifies the means." Edmond Paris, THE SECRET HISTORY OF THE JESUITS 32 (1975).

The Professi formed the fourth and highest grade of the Jesuit Order; they alone were initiated into all the secrets of the Order. Charles William Hackethorn, I THE SECRET SOCIETIES 286 (1965).

The Jesuit oath stated: In the name of Christ crucified, I swear to burst the bonds that yet unite me to father, mother, brothers, sisters, relations, friends; to the king, magistrates, and any other authority to which I may ever have sworn fealty, obedience, gratitude, or service. I renounce...the place of my birth, henceforth to exist in another sphere. I swear to reveal to my new superior, whom I desire to know, what I have done, thought, read, learnt, or discovered, and to observe and watch all that comes under my notice. I swear to yield myself up to my superior, as if I were a corpse, deprived of life and will. I finally swear to flee temptation, and to reveal all I succeed in discovering, well aware that lightening is not more rapid and ready than the dagger to reach me wherever I may flee. Hackethorn, pp. 287-288.

The Jesuits openly advocated tyrannicide whenever the tyrant was against them. Hackethorn, p. 28 - 9.(The Book of Secreta Monita contained the Secret Instructions of the Society of Jesus). Hackethorn, p. 289.

At the time of the founding of the Jesuits, Germany "had completely fallen away from Popery..." Theodor Friesinger, THE JESUITS: A COMPLETE HISTORY OF THEIR OPEN AND SECRET PROCEEDINGS FROM THE FOUNDATION OF THE ORDER TO THE PRESENT TIME 211 (1892).

Francis Bacon was a Rosicrucian initiate. Nesta H. Webster, SECRET SOCIETIES AND SUBVERSIVE MOVEMENTS 97 (1924).

In fact, he founded the Rose Croix order in England. Lady Queenborough, p. 153.

His book, THE NEW ATLANTIS, was published a year after his death in 1627. Howard, p. 74.

In NEW ATLANTIS he referred to keepers of a secret tradition that Moses by a secret cabala ordained the laws of Bensalem... Webster, p. 119 (Bensalem was Bacon's fictional island).

He formulated a philosophical system. J.N. Larned, III LARNED'S HISTORY OF THE WORLD 651 (1914).

Bacon influenced American educationalists such as John Dewey. He was a Utopian who created a blueprint for a Golden Age. As Chancellor of England, he persuaded King James to issue charters for English colonies in the New World. Howard, p. 76.

The element of secrecy is particularly relevant in the world of money. Francis Bacon once said: "If money be not thy servant, it will be thy master."

The close relationship between national banks and government debt historically has been kept secret because it is a basically immoral arrangement of mutual greed and convenience: "A banking system is so closely associated with public borrowing and with what is almost the oldest and most jealously guarded function of the state, the issue of money, that governments can seldom afford to leave it entirely unlicensed and uncontrolled." Sir John Clapham, THE BANK OF ENGLAND 2 (1945); 34 L. Q. REVIEW (1918).

("The State soon found that its business was one of the undertakings which a bank would finance for privileges which it would give.").

A long-existing and self-perpetuating tax-immune internationalist and transnational group that uses fronts with inter-locking corporate and or fraternal group of individuals, whose membership is either secret or semi-secret, with undisclosed ownership shares, has usurped the sovereignty of borrowing national governments (who serve their lenders). It includes largely unrevealed yet reported campaign contributors who also control the media and press, all major political parties and dictates presidential appointments. It abhors the direct issuance of money by elected officials and through the creation of a system of privately-owned and controlled central banks holds all the world's gold and all loan and mortgage paperwork. Its business is conducted in secret meetings which determine the future of all national economies and the timing of expansion (through loans) or contraction (through no loans). It exercises an exclusive monopoly of the issuance of money created out of thin air and issued solely as debt, does not create money to repay the interest and lives off of perpetual national debts that consume future income and under international law cannot be repudiated even by an internal political revolution. At least for others, it tends to be pro-bureaucracy, pro-abortion/population control, pro-government education, anti-family, anti-nationalist, anti-inheritance, anti-private property and anti-Jesus Christ. This group can demand special privileges and even military force to collect national debts. It plans to soon accomplish global disarmament (of both civilians and nations) and have a monopoly on force (including nuclear weapons). It has the privilege of a guaranteed untaxable income enforced by liens on all public and personal property and collected by the coercive force of the taxing structure of the various governments.

When the Whig politicians submitted the merchant's plan to the English Parliament in 1691, the plan included the following components: 1) the names of those who had loaned money to the government in the past seventy years was to remain secret,

2) the charter members of the Bank of England would be granted a perpetual right to appoint the Directors,

3) the Banks would make loans to the value of Ten Pounds for every One Pound it had on deposit in its vaults by the way of paper currency,

4) the Bank would be permitted to consolidate the national debt and secure payments of amounts due by way of direct taxation or levy upon the people until the debt was fully discharged,

5) that no other Bank would be the agent for the constitutional treasury of England and

6) that no Bank would be incorporated or chartered except with the approval or participation of the Bank of England. F. Fred Kirkland & Paul L. Burton, CREATIVE FRAUD 25 (1976).

The first Grand Lodge of Freemasonry was founded in England in 1717 - twenty-three years after the founding of the Bank of England which had a secret court of directors. The creation of this lodge is a milestone in the transformation of what was a trade guild into a secret society.

Freemasonry was instituted, "to dupe the simple for the benefit of the crafty." Proceedings of the U.S. Anti-Masonic Convention 33 (1830).

Freemasons are intensely focused on maintaining secrecy and will retaliate against those who violate their oaths or transgress against brother masons. The legend of Hiram Abiff, the Masonic Christ figure, describes how Hiram was killed while keeping a Masonic secret. His brother Freemasons killed Hiram's assaulters and raised Hiram from the grave. Freemasons are encouraged to model themselves after Hiram and hold their Masonic secrets. If they remain true to their oaths, like Hiram, they can expect to be avenged for attacks and rewarded for their fidelity to the brotherhood. While cases exist suggesting the murder of opponents of Freemasonry, Masonic rituals state "the more effective penalty for doing anything displeasing to Masonry is to be shunned by the entire Brotherhood, a penalty adequate to bring a man to ruin, the more certainly so as Freemasonry expanded in every profession and every branch of society." Stephan Knight, The Brotherhood 31 (1984).

In 1826 an American Freemason wrote a book revealing Masonic secrets entitled Illustrations of freemasonry. One of the secrets that he revealed is that the last mystery at the top of the Masonic pyramid is the worship of Lucifer. We have since heard the "story of the murder of Hiram Abif." Hiram Abif represents intelligence, liberty and truth, and was struck down by a blow to the neck with a rule, representing the suppression of speech by the church; then he was struck in the heart with the square, representing the suppression of belief by the State; and finally he was struck on the head by a maul, representing the suppression of intellect by the masses. Freemasonry thus equates the Church, the State, and the mases with tyranny, intolerance, and ignorance. What Morgan revealed was that the Freemasons were pledged to avenge Hiram Abif and that their plan was to strike down the Church, the State, and the freedom of the masses.

Morgan caused a small uproar against the Masons which culminated in a significant anti-Freemason movement causing nearly 40% of Masons belonging to the Northern Jurisdiction of the United States to secede and, in 1829, gave birth to an anti-Masonic political party when the author, William Morgan disappeared. He was apparently abducted and drowned in Lake Ontario, allegedly by his fellow Mason Richard Howard.

Like other secret societies, the Freemasons have their own written constitutions. In the Scottish Rite petition for admission to the mysteries, question number 26 asks: Do you promise, upon your honor, to strictly adhere to and be governed by the Constitution and Laws of the Grand Lodge of Texas and by the By-Laws of this Lodge?

Question number 29 asks: Do you seriously declare, upon your honor, that you will cheerfully conform to all the ancient established usages and customs of Masonry?

Edmona Ronayue described the requirement of obedience to all laws and edicts:

First, the candidate is made to swear eternal obedience to all Masonic laws and edicts, and without having the slightest knowledge of any one of them; then the law peremptorily excluding the name of Christ is submitted for his acceptance, and, lastly, in perfect harmony with the requirements of his masonic obligation, a blind implicit unwavering obedience to this law is demanded of him whether right or wrong. THE MASTER CARPET 72-73 (1879).

It is even claimed that: The teachings of Freemasonry ... are summarily this: Obey Masonic law, and live. Rev. C.G. Finney, THE CHARACTER, CLAIMS AND PRACTICAL WORKINGS OF FREEMASONRY 213 (1869).

It has been said: Those who over-step the constitution of the United States government by joining secret societies and take their judicial oaths to secretly uphold their members in so far as they can when their design and purposes conflict with our constitutions and laws should be treated as traitors of the government and deprived of their franchise as citizens. William Edward Smith, CHRISTIANITY AND SECRET SOCIETIES 25 (1936)

While not overtly encouraged to participate in criminal activity, Freemasons were sworn to protect their brother Freemasons should they engage in immoral or criminal conduct. The royal arch mason swore, "I will aid and assist a companion royal arch mason, when engaged in any difficulty, and espouse his cause, so far as to extricate him from the same, if in my power, whether he be right or wrong... A companion royal arch mason's secrets, given me in charge as such, and I knowing him to be such, shall remain as secure and inviolable, in my breast as in his own, murder and treason not excepted, &c." The Address of the U.S. Anti-Masonic Convention 9 (1830).

In summary, according to Freemasonry's critics, Freemasonry is a brotherhood or more aptly a cult which mandates secrecy and obedience within its ranks, affords protection and advancement of the interests of its members, punishes its enemies and turns a blind eye to criminal behavior committed by its members against non-members. Freemasonry provides a value system and an organizational structure which works to put brother Freemasons in positions of power in all organizations and can be used by its members for the most immoral and illegal purposes. Its foundation appears to rest upon the willingness of its members to selfishly exchange their ethics for personal advantage. Its strength appears to lie in a pervasive presence, unseen by those outside the brotherhood, working in concert to protect and expand their wealth and power.

If we believe the early 19th century critics of Freemasonry, how would we expect Freemasons to respond to a Kennedy assassination conspiracy involving brother Freemasons? Most Freemasons might never be aware of the conspiracy and could respond according to their individual feelings. If they were made aware of a Masonic link, Royal Arch Freemasons would be bound by their oaths to maintain their brothers' secrets, "murder and treason not excepted" and warn their brothers of any threat of exposure. Royal Arch Freemasons could be expected to defend their brother Freemasons and support any cover-up of the conspiracy. Royal Arch Freemasons would use all the tools available to them to frustrate, confuse and discredit anyone to challenge their story. Literally millions of American Freemasons of all ranks could be called upon, as needed and with few questions, to quietly work to remove any threat to the assassination conspirators and their control of the government. Those Freemasons who were called upon to help would keep their Masonic secrets and could expect to be rewarded for their fidelity to Freemasonry. Any Freemasons who violated their Masonic confidences would invite the wrath of the brotherhood.

As a student, Weishaupt had studied the Greek mystics: "While an undergraduate Weishaupt studied the ancient pagan religions and was familiar with the Eleusinian mysteries and the theories of the Greek mystic Pythagorus. As a student he drafted the constitution for a secret society modeled on the pagan mystery schools but it was not until he was initiated into Freemasonry that Weishaupt's plan for the ultimate secret society was spawned." Michael Howard, THE OCCULT CONSPIRACY 61 (1989).

Weishaupt said: "Behold our secret. Remember that the end justifies the means, and that the wise ought to take all the means to do good which the wicked take to do evil." Ralph Epperson, THE UNSEEN HAND 81 (1985).

His philosophy has been continued: "To summarize: The Communist code of ethics is based upon the principle that the ends of revolution justify any means, no matter how lawless, violent, dishonest, or indecent from the standpoint of accepted American standards of morality." House Report No. 2, 76th Congress, 1st Session 26-29.

No morality seemed to be a key foundation for the scheme. The group was founded on the premise that the end justifies the means and that the good of the Order justifies calumnies, poisoning, murders, perjuries, treasons, rebellions and all that men call crime Nesta H. Webster, WORLD REVOLUTION, p. 297.

Jesus Christ was recognized to novices as the Grand Master and "if Christ exhorted his disciples to despise riches it was in order to prepare the world for the community of goods that should do away with property." Nesta H. Webster, WORLD REVOLUTION 12 (1921).

Later, at the grade of Priest, the initiate was told that "the pretended religion of Christ was nothing else than the work of priests, of imposture and of tyranny." Nesta H. Webster, WORLD REVOLUTION 13 (1921).

The success of socialism seems tied directly to eliminating religion. William Riley Halstead, CIVIL AND RELIGIOUS FORCES 165-166, (1890).

Weishaupt, like Lenin and Marx, very early publicly proclaimed that the State would wither away. In private the Illuminati elite believed "than the average man was too stupid to govern himself and that a self-appointed inner-circle or Illuminati would secretly rule." Robert Henry Goldsborough, Lines of Credit: Ropes of Bondage 2 (1989).

The secret destiny of America is the accomplishment of a democratic form of government.

When it was first settled, the purpose was to all for a new way of life "free from the religious intolerance and political despotism that held Europe in its clutches." Manly P. Hall, THE SECRET DESTINY OF AMERICA 129 (1958).

The Philadelphia convention adjourned after five months of secret sessions. Madison's Journal of the Federal Convention was not published until 1840 - after everyone who was at the 1787 Convention had died. Richard B. Morris, THE CONSTITUTION 10 (1985).

As originally drafted in the secret proceedings, the 1787 U.S. Constitution left out a public bill of rights altogether.

Until the 1820's, college education was generally narrow and theological in character. However, a rising tide of relatively liberal thought on campus led to a new, secular liberal arts orientation strongly supporting the era of material progress that was to transform the continent during the second half of the century.

What they would learn is that someone else told you what to think about, when to think about it, how long to think about it, when to stop thinking about it, when to think of something else, and someone else sets up the secrets.

The Carbonari secret society in Italy in the early 1820s were more than just a power in the land, and boasted branches and sub-societies as far afield as Poland, France and Germany. Arkon Daraul, SECRET SOCIETIES 100 (1961).

Their origin was claimed to be in Scotland where they took to charcoal-burning to avoid suspicion of ulterior motives. Id.

They set up their own three-branch government and obeyed only their own laws. Id. at 101.

The object of the society was to set up a body of men subject to the orders of a central body and to take action even against established governments:

From the earliest recorded period of its existence, it formed a state within a state. Id. at 103.

The Degree of Grand Elect was conferred on a candidate who was thirty-three years and three months old (the age of Christ on the day of His Death). Heckethorn, I, p. 163.

It was revealed in the catechism that the object of the organization was political and that it aimed at the overthrow of all tyrants.Id.

The oath was given: I, a free citizen of Ausonia, swear before the Grand Master of the Universe, and the Grand Elect Good Cousin, to devote my whole life to the triumph of the principles of liberty, equality and progress, which are the soul of all the secret and public acts of Carbonarism. I promise that, if it be impossible to restore the reign of liberty without a struggle, I will fight to the death. I consent, should I prove false to my oath, to be slain by my Good Cousins Grand Elects; to be fastened to the cross in a lodge, naked, crowned with thorns; to have my belly torn open, the entrails and heart taken out and scattered to the winds. Such are our conditions; swear! Id.

The Seventh most secret degree (Principli Summo Patriarcho) revealed the real object of Carbonarism and that its aims were identical with those of the Illuminati... Id. at 167.

The candidate was sworn to destroy every government whether despotic or democratic.Id. at 168.

The Jesuit war on the Vatican was terminated by the Congress of Vienna and by the secret, 1822, Treaty of Verona." Emanuel M. Josephson, THE "FEDERAL" RESERVE CONSPIRACY & ROCKEFELLERS 4-5 (1968). [The Jesuits were finally reinstated by Pope Pius VII in August, 1814.]

In 1829 a secret society, modeled after the Carbonari, was formed to estalish compulsory public education in the United States.

Karl Marx, a key communist propagandist, joined the highly secret Satanist Church. A. Ralph Epperson, The Unseen Hand 91 (1985).

In 1856 Mazzini initiated Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (1831=A91891) into the Carbonari. She was also an initiate of the Order of the Druses. In 1866 she was fought under Garibaldi and was wounded at Mentana. Lady Queenborough, p. 530.

Blavatsky wrote that: It is Spinoza...who furnishes perhaps the truest key to a portion of this unwritten secret. While Moses forbids graven images of Him whose name is not to be taken in vain, Spinoza goes further. He clearly infers that God must not be so much as described. Human language is totally unfit to give an idea of this Being who is altogether unique. I ISIS UNVEILED 308 (1877)

Some Spinosists fall into a senseless sort of Scepticism, called Egomism, where every one fancies himself to be the only Being that exists. Madame Blavatsky said in a moment of frankness: What is one to do, when in order to rule men, it is necessary to deceive them? ...For almost invariably the more simple, the more silly, and the more gross the phenomenon, the more likely it is to succeed. Robert Keith Spenser, THE CULT OF THE ALL-SEEING EYE 48 (1964).

In 1871 Pike copyrighted his 861-page book titled MORALS AND DOGMA OF THE ANCIENT AND ACCEPTED SCOTTISH RITE OF FREEMASONRY. Ralph Epperson, THE UNSEEN HAND 223 (1985).

Albert Pike stated: All true dogmatic religions come from the Kabbala and lead back to it; all that is scientific and great in the religious dream of all the illuminated such as Bachme, Swedenborg, St. Martin, and others similar, is borrowed from the Kabbalah. All the Masonic associations owe their secrets and symbols to it. MORALS AND DOGMA 744-745 (1871).

On January 22, 1870, Mazzini wrote to General Albert Pike about "a super rite, which will remain unknown, to which we will call those Masons of high degree which we shall select...Through this supreme rite, we will govern all Freemasonry which will become the one international center, the more powerful because its direction will be unknown." Des Griffin, FOURTH REICH OF THE RICH 68 (1989); Lady Queenborough, pp. 208-209; Adriano Lemmi at 97; John 18:20; Ephesians 5:11.

Albert Pike organized the New and Reformed Palladian Rite. Three supreme councils were established at Charleston, S.C., Rome, Italy and Berlin, Germany. Griffin, p. 69.

Albert Pike took control of the Theosophical operations while Mazzini was in charge of the political operations. Id. at 68.

Pike was "Sovereign Pontiff of Universal Freemasonry" while Mazzini was "Sovereign Chief of Political Action." William T. Still, NEW WORLD ORDER: THE ANCIENT PLAN OF SECRET SOCIETIES 123 (1990).

On September 12, 1874, a decree confirmed a treaty signed by Armand Levi for the Jewish B'nai B'rith. Albert Pike authorized Jewish Freemasons to form a secret organization (Sovereign Patriarchial Council) to function side-by-side with the ordinary lodges headquartered in Hamburg, Germany. Lady Queenborough, p. 288.

Bernard Shaw noted that "Compulsory labour, with death as the final, penalty, is the keystone of Socialism..." and that opposition in a Socialist state would have to be an underground conspiracy working in secret "until it is strong enough for an open test of strength." In turn, the ruling clique is required to protect itself with a gigantic spy service." Fahey, p. 98."

The Federal Reserve was created in December, 1913 when Woodrow Wilson signed the Glass-Owen Federal Reserve Act. That bill had been the product of cloak-and-dagger machinations by Wall Street financiers and their political mouthpieces, many of them in league with the City of London. Wall Streeter Frank A. Vanderlip, in his autobiography "From Farm Boy to Financier" narrates that the secret conference which planned the Federal Reserve was "as secret - indeed, as furtive - as any conspirator." Vanderlip was one of the insiders invited to the Jekyl Island Club on the coast of Georgia in the autumn of 1910 by the Senator Nelson Aldrich, the father-in-law of John D. Rockefeller Jr. Aldrich also invited Henry Davison of J.P. Morgan & Co., and Benjamin Strong, the future Governor of the New York Federal Reserve Bank. Also on hand was Paul Warburg of the notorious international banking family, descended from the Del Banco family of Venice. As Vanderlip recounted, "We were instructed to come one at a time and as unobtrusively as possible to the railway terminal on the New Jersey littoral of the Hudson, where Senator Aldrich's private car would be in readiness, attached to the rear end of a train for the South."

In more recent times, Bill Moyers took a trip around the world with David Rockefeller. Later he wrote in 1990: "Secrecy is the freedom zealots dream of: no watchman to check the door, no accountant to check the books, no judge to check the law. The secret government has no constitution. The rules it follows are the rules it makes up." Bill Moyers, THE SECRET GOVERNMENT: THE CONSTITUTION IN CRISIS 7 (1990).mason12.htm

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